Soft forceps

D. F. Roshan, B. Petrikovsky, L. Sichinava, B. J. Rudick, A. Rebarber, S. D. Bender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objective: The risk of maternal and fetal trauma and, chiefly, the fear of law suits, have contributed to a significant decline in rates of forceps-assisted deliveries and an increase in rates of cesarean sections, especially in the United States. Our experience with gas-sterilized forceps blades covered with a soft rubber coating-the "soft" forceps-is described. Method: Ninety-six women who required a forceps-assisted delivery for standard indications were randomly allocated to 2 groups. There were 51 women in the regular forceps group and 45 women in the soft forceps group. Low forceps delivery with a Simpson instrument was used in all cases. The groups were compared for fetal injury. Results: The rates of severe facial abrasion and minimal marking were 4.1% and 61%, respectively, in the regular forceps group and 1.9% and 34% in the soft forceps group. Conclusion: The soft forceps may reduce the rates of neonatal facial abrasion and skin bruises. The forceps should be further perfected, as well as vacuum extractors; they should both continue to be part of the obstetrician's armamentarium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-252
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • "Soft" forceps
  • Labor
  • Operative delivery


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