Sleep disorders: Types and approach to evaluation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Over 70 described sleep disorders disrupt the sleep of an estimated 50-70 million Americans. The disorders present with a broad array of symptoms but result in the individual not getting the health, cognitive, and restorative benefits of a good night's sleep. The disorders have been categorized into the following categories: insomnia, sleep-related breathing disorders, central disorders of hypersomnolence, circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, parasomnias, and sleep-related movement disorders. This chapter reviews each category and provides details on the symptoms, pathophysiology, and treatment of the most common disorder in each category, including insomnia, obstructive sleep apnoea, narcolepsy, restless legs syndrome, and REM sleep behaviour disorder. The presenting complaint is the key to diagnosis, directing subsequent evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSleep, Health, and Society
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Aetiology to Public Health
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9780198778240
StatePublished - 23 Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Apnoea
  • Circadian
  • Hypersomnia
  • Insomnia
  • Narcolepsy
  • Parasomnia
  • REM
  • Sleep disorders


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