Six-month outcomes after percutaneous intervention for lesions in aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts using distal protection devices: Results from the FIRE trial

Amir Halkin, A. Zaki Masud, Campbell Rogers, James Hermiller, Robert Feldman, Patrick Hall, Robert H. Haber, Patrick A. Cambier, Ron P. Caputo, Mark Turco, Richard Kovach, Bruce Brodie, Howard C. Herrmann, Richard E. Kuntz, Jeffrey J. Popma, Steve Ramee, David A. Cox, Roxana Mehran, Gregg W. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The filter-based FilterWire EX (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) embolic protection system and the GuardWire (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA) balloon occlusion and aspiration device have been previously shown to reduce periprocedural complication rates of percutaneous coronary intervention for saphenous vein graft (SVG) disease and are considered the standard of care in this setting. The late clinical course after treatment with these devices has not been reported. Methods: In the FIRE trial, 651 patients undergoing SVG intervention were randomized to either the FilterWire EX or GuardWire. Six-month rates of the primary end point (composite major adverse cardiac events [MACE]) and its components (death, myocardial infarction [MI], or target vessel revascularization) were studied. Results: MACE at 30 days occurred in 9.9% of patients randomized to the FilterWire EX compared with 11.6% with the GuardWire, P = .53. By 6 months, MACE had increased to 19.3% and 21.9% in FilterWire EX and GuardWire groups, respectively, (relative risk 0.88, 95% CI 0.65-1.19; P = .44). All-cause 6-month mortality in the entire population was 3.5% (3.0% with FilterWire EX vs 4.1% with GuardWire, P = .53, with all deaths occurring after hospital discharge). MI occurred in 12.0% of patients at 6 months (12.1% vs 11.9% with the FilterWire EX and GuardWire, respectively, P = .99), and target vessel revascularization was required in 9.1% (8.2% vs 10.0%, respectively, P = .42). Conclusions: SVG intervention with the FilterWire EX and GuardWire distal protection devices resulted in similar outcomes at 6 months, although the clinical course after hospital discharge was not benign, with significant rates of death, MI, and repeat intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915.e1-915.e7
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume151
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

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