SIRT1 expression is associated with the chemotherapy response and prognosis of patients with advanced NSCLC

Tao Zhang, Ningning Rong, Juan Chen, Chengwei Zou, Haiyan Jing, Xiaolong Zhu, Wenlong Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: The role of Sirtuin 1 (SIRT 1) in carcinogenesis is controversial. This study was to explore the association between the SIRT1 expression and the clinical characteristics, the responsiveness to chemotherapy and prognosis in Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We enrolled 295 patients with inoperable advanced stage of NSCLC, namely, stage III (A+B) and IV NSCLC. All patients had received platinum-based chemotherapy after diagnosis and the chemotherapy response were evaluated. All patients were followed up for overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). In vitro, H292 cells were tranfected with SIRT1 small interfering RNA (siRNA). The cell biological behaviors and chemosensitivity to cisplatin treatment were studied. The in vivo tumorgenesis and metastasis assays were performed in nude mice. Results: We found that the SIRT1 expressions were significantly associated with the tumor stage, tumor size and differentiation status. Patients with high SIRT 1 expressions had a significantly higher chance to be resistant to chemotherapy than those with low SIRT 1 expression. Patients with high expression of SIRT1 had significantly shorter OS and DFS than those with low expression. Cox analyses confirmed that the SIRT 1 expression was a strong predictor for a poor OS and PFS in NSCLC patients underwent Platinum-based chemotherapy. In vitro studies revealed that the reduced expression SIRT 1 by siRNA technique significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion. More importantly, SIRT1 si-RNA significantly enhanced the chemosensitivity of H292 cells to cisplatin treatment. The in vivo tumorgenesis and metastasis assays showed that SIRT1 knockdown dramatically reduced the tumor volume and the metastatic ability in nude mice. Conclusion: Collectively, our data suggest that the SIRT1 expression may be a molecular marker associated with the NSLCLC clinical features, treatment responsiveness and prognosis of advanced NSCLC. Copyright:

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere79162
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'SIRT1 expression is associated with the chemotherapy response and prognosis of patients with advanced NSCLC'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this