Single-port laparoscopy in gynecologic oncology: seven years of experience at a single institution

Laura Moulton, Amelia M. Jernigan, Caitlin Carr, Lindsey Freeman, Pedro F. Escobar, Chad M. Michener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Single-port laparoscopy has gained popularity within minimally invasive gynecologic surgery for its feasibility, cosmetic outcomes, and safety. However, within gynecologic oncology, there are limited data regarding short-term adverse outcomes and long-term hernia risk in patients undergoing single-port laparoscopic surgery. Objective The objective of the study was to describe short-term outcomes and hernia rates in patients after single-port laparoscopy in a gynecologic oncology practice. Study Design A retrospective, single-institution study was performed for patients who underwent single-port laparoscopy from 2009 to 2015. A univariate analysis was performed with χ2 tests and Student t tests; Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards determined time to hernia development. Results A total of 898 patients underwent 908 surgeries with a median follow-up of 37.2 months. The mean age and body mass index were 55.7 years and 29.6 kg/m2, respectively. The majority were white (87.9%) and American Society of Anesthesiologists class II/III (95.5%). The majority of patients underwent surgery for adnexal masses (36.9%) and endometrial hyperplasia/cancer (37.3%). Most women underwent hysterectomy (62.7%) and removal of 1 or both fallopian tubes and/or ovaries (86%). Rate of adverse outcomes within 30 days, including reoperation (0.1%), intraoperative injury (1.4%), intensive care unit admission (0.4%), venous thromboembolism (0.3%), and blood transfusion, were low (0.8%). The rate of urinary tract infection was 2.8%; higher body mass index (P =.02), longer operative time (P =.02), smoking (P =.01), hysterectomy (P =.01), and cystoscopy (P =.02) increased the risk. The rate of incisional cellulitis was 3.5%. Increased estimated blood loss (P =.03) and endometrial cancer (P =.02) were independent predictors of incisional cellulitis. The rate for surgical readmissions was 3.4%; higher estimated blood loss (P =.03), longer operative time (P =.02), chemotherapy alone (P =.03), and combined chemotherapy and radiation (P <.05) increased risk. The rate of incisional hernia rate was 5.5% (n = 50) with a mean occurrence at 570.2 ± 553.3 days. Higher American Society of Anesthesiologists class (P =.04), diabetes (P <.001), hypertension (P =.043), increasing age (P =.017; hazard ratio [HR], 1.03), and body mass index (P <.001; HR, 1.08) were independent predictors for incisional hernia development. Previous abdominal surgeries (P =.24) and hand assist (P =.64) were not associated with increased risk for incisional hernia. Patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists class III/IV had a 3 year hernia rate of 12.8% (HR, 1.81). Patients with diabetes mellitus had a 3 year hernia rate of 23.0% (HR, 3.60). Conclusion In this large cohort of patients undergoing single-port laparoscopy, the incidence of short-term adverse outcomes is low. While the rate of incisional hernia was 5.5%, incidence reached 23.0% at 3 years in high-risk groups. Previous studies with short follow-up duration may underestimate the risk of hernia, especially in patients with significant comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610.e1-610.e8
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume217
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adverse outcomes
  • gynecologic oncology
  • incisional hernia
  • laparoendoscopic single-site surgery
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • single-incision laparoscopy
  • single-port laparoscopy

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