SIAXI: Placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study of incobotulinumtoxinA for sialorrhea

Wolfgang H. Jost, Andrzej Friedman, Olaf Michel, Christian Oehlwein, Jaroslaw Slawek, Andrzej Bogucki, Stanislaw Ochudlo, Marta Banach, Fernando Pagan, Birgit Flatau-Baqué, János Csikós, Claire J. Cairney, Andrew Blitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

ObjectiveThis pivotal phase III study, SIAXI, investigated the efficacy and safety of incobotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of chronic sialorrhea due to Parkinson disease (PD), atypical parkinsonism, stroke, or traumatic brain injury (TBI).MethodsAdult patients with PD (70.7%), atypical parkinsonism (8.7%), stroke (19.0%), or TBI (2.7%) were randomized (2:2:1) to double-blind treatment with placebo (n = 36), or total doses of incobotulinumtoxinA 75 U (n = 74) or 100 U (n = 74), in a single treatment cycle. The coprimary endpoints were change in unstimulated salivary flow rate from baseline to week 4, and patients' Global Impression of Change Scale score at week 4. Adverse events were recorded throughout.ResultsA total of 184 patients were randomized. Both incobotulinumtoxinA dose groups showed reductions in mean unstimulated salivary flow rate at week 4, with a significant difference vs placebo in the incobotulinumtoxinA 100 U group (p = 0.004). Patients' Global Impression of Change Scale scores also improved at week 4, with a significant difference vs placebo in the incobotulinumtoxinA 100 U group (p = 0.002). A lasting effect was observed at week 16 post injection. The most frequent treatment-related adverse events in the incobotulinumtoxinA 75 U and 100 U groups were dry mouth (5.4% and 2.7% of patients) and dysphagia (2.7% and 0.0% of patients).ConclusionsIncobotulinumtoxinA 100 U is an effective and well-tolerated treatment of chronic sialorrhea in adults.ClinicalTrials.gov identifierNCT02091739.Classification of evidenceThis study provides Class I evidence that incobotulinumtoxinA reduces salivary flow rates in patients with chronic sialorrhea due to PD, atypical parkinsonism, stroke, or TBI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1982-E1991
JournalNeurology
Volume92
Issue number17
StatePublished - 23 Apr 2019

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