Short-Term Voice Improvement after Repeated Office-Based Platelet-Rich Plasma PRP Injection in Patients with Vocal Fold Scar, Sulcus, and Atrophy

Peak Woo, Thomas Murry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Improving the voice of patients with vocal atrophy, scar, and sulcus vocalis remains challenging. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous biological suitable for regenerative medicine. Office-based injections of PRP may serve as a source of improved wound healing. Materials and Methods: Thirty two office based injections of PRP were performed in 14 patients with scar, sulcus, and vocal atrophy (12 scars, 1 sulcus, and 1 atrophy). PRP was prepared using 20 cc blood draw and double centrifugation method. Injection laryngoplasty was performed using trans cervical or indirect trans oral technique (10 trans cervical, 22 trans-oral). Volume of PRP use was 0.5–0.7 cc per side. Injections varied from 1 to 3 injections at monthly intervals. Videostroboscopy, Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10), and an objective analysis of the voice using Cepstral Peak Prominence (Cepstral Spectral Index of Dysphonia) were recorded. An expert rater speech pathologist rated the audio and stroboscopy results. Results: Median follow-up was 15 months. No patients were made worse. The mean VHI-10 before the injection was 23. VHI-10 after the injection was 12.5 (P < 0.01). The mean Cepstral Spectral Index of Dysphonia score for CAPE-V sentence was 42.5 before the injection and 23.5 (P < 0.01) after the injection. The expert rater thought the post treatment was better (9/14 acoustic, 10/14 stroboscopy). Eleven of the 14 patients thought the intervention was worthwhile to repeat. The other 3 patients thought the improvement was transient. Conclusion: Office PRP injection into the vocal fold of patients with scar, sulcus, and atrophy may result in short term voice improvements. It is a biological worth considering.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Voice
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Dysphonia
  • Growth factor
  • IV
  • Injection laryngoplasty
  • Platelet-rich plasma
  • Vocal fold scar

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