Short sleep duration and type 2 diabetes enhance the risk of cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients

Kazuo Eguchi, Satoshi Hoshide, Shizukiyo Ishikawa, Kazuyuki Shimada, Kazuomi Kario

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Aims: We tested the hypothesis that short sleep duration is not only a risk factor for diabetes, but that the two conditions in combination would be associated with the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: We analyzed 1255 hypertensive patients (mean age: 70.4. ±. 9.9 years) with (N=. 299) and without diabetes (N=. 956). Short sleep duration was defined as a sleep time <7.5. h. A Hard CVD event was defined as either myocardial infarction, stroke, or sudden cardiac death; and All CVD events as Hard CVD events plus angina, heart failure and end-stage renal disease. Results: When the patients were divided into 4 categories by diabetes (present or absent) and sleep duration (short or long), the diabetes. +. short sleep group had a significantly higher incidence of both Hard CVD events (HR = 2.27, 95% CI = 1.17-4.42, P=. 0.015) and All CVD events (HR = 2.47, 95% CI = 1.37-4.43, P=. 0.003) compared with the non-diabetes. +. long sleep group, independent of significant covariates. There were significant interactions between sleep duration and glycemic control on CVD events. Conclusions: The combination of both diabetes and short duration of sleep was associated with higher risk of incident CVD compared with those with only one or neither condition. Altered glycemic control and short sleep duration could act synergistically to pose a risk for future CVD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-523
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Glycemic control
  • Interaction
  • Sleep duration


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