Short cervix: Is a follow-up measurement useful?

N. S. Fox, C. Jean-Pierre, M. Predanic, S. T. Chasen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Objective: To study if a repeat cervical length (CL) measurement in the patient already diagnosed with a short cervix has any additional value in the prediction of preterm delivery. Study design: This was a retrospective study of singleton pregnancies with cervical lengths 1 -25 mm at a gestational age of 16-28 weeks seen in our institution between 2002 and 2005. Patients who were managed expectantly and had a follow-up CL measurement within 3 weeks were included. Delivery data were obtained from the patients' computerized medical records. Results: Sixty-eight patients met the inclusion criteria. 37% of the patients had a shorter CL on the second measurement. These patients delivered at an earlier gestational age (36 + 4 vs. 38 + 2 weeks, P = 0.031) and were more likely to deliver at < 37 weeks (60% vs. 26%, P = 0.009). The change in the CL correlated with earlier gestational age at delivery and delivery at < 37 weeks. Conclusion: In patients diagnosed with a short cervix, follow-up CL measurement is a strong predictor of preterm delivery. Greater change in the CL correlates with an earlier gestational age at delivery. In the patient diagnosed with a short cervix, a repeat measurement of CL gives additional predictive value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-46
Number of pages3
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervical insufficiency
  • Cervical length
  • Preterm birth


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