Short- and long-term outcomes in octogenarian patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting compared with on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

Eric L. Sarin, Michael O. Kayatta, Patrick Kilgo, Ameesh Dara, John D. Puskas, Omar M. Lattouf, Edward P. Chen, Michael E. Halkos, Robert A. Guyton, Vinod H. Thourani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CAB) on elderly patients presenting with multivessel coronary artery disease has become routine in modern day operating rooms. The aim of our study was to compare short- and long-term outcomes in octogenarian patients undergoing off-pump CAB (OPCAB) versus on-pump CAB (ONCAB). Methods: A propensity-adjusted, retrospective review of patients older than 80 years who underwent primary CAB from January 1996 to September 2008 at our institution's hospitals was performed. Nine hundred thirty-seven patients were divided into two groups: OPCAB (n = 540) or ONCAB (n = 397). A propensity score was calculated based on 29 preoperative risk factors to adjust for selection bias when comparing the groups for differences in death, stroke, myocardial infarction incidence, and their composite (major adverse cardiac events). Long-term survival status was determined by cross-referencing patient records with the Social Security Death Index. Logistic regression analysis and Cox proportional hazards analysis were used to determine group differences in short- and long-term survival, respectively, adjusted for the propensity score. Kaplan-Meier curves were fit to estimate 10-year survival. Results: The mean age (OPCAB: 82.9 ± 2.8 years vs ONCAB: 82.3 ± 2.4, P = 0.003) and male sex (OPCAB: 292/540, 54.1% vs ONCAB: 220/397, 55.4%, P = 0.68) were clinically similar between groups. Although the ejection fraction (OPCAB: 52.1 ± 12.5% vs ONCAB: 50.6 ± 13.1, P = 0.10) were similar between groups, the mean number of distal anastomoses [OPCAB: 2.7 ± 1.0 (median 3) vs ONCAB: 3.4 ± 0.9 (median 3), P < 0.001] were less in the OPCAB group. The median postoperative length of stay was 7 days for OPCAB group and 6 for the ONCAB group (P = 0.31). The Society of Thoracic Surgery predicted risk of in-hospital mortality was similar for OPCAB (5.4%) and ONCAB (5.3%) patients (P = 0.81). However, observed in-hospital mortality was improved for patients in the OPCAB group (OPCAB: 15/540, 2.8% vs ONCAB: 37/397, 9.3%, P = 0.007). Ten-year survival was similar between groups (OPCAB: 28.8% vs ONCAB: 26.3%, P = 0.22). Conclusions: In this series, OPCAB reduced the incidence of in-hospital mortality compared with ONCAB. Long-term mortality was similar between groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-115
Number of pages6
JournalInnovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Elderly
  • Geriatric
  • Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Short- and long-term outcomes in octogenarian patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting compared with on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this