Sex differences in pericardial adipose tissue assessed by PET/CT and association with cardiometabolic risk

Corey M. Gill, Debora C. Azevedo, Adriana L. Oliveira, Edgar L. Martinez-Salazar, Martin Torriani, Miriam A. Bredella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Recent studies suggest that pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) is associated with whole body adiposity and insulin resistance. Moreover, the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) differs between men and women. Although CVD is more prevalent in men, women suffering from CVD have a higher mortality compared to men. Differences in PAT may account for some of the observed sex differences in manifestations of CVD. Purpose: To assess pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) as a biomarker for cardiometabolic risk and to assess potential sex differences. Material and Methods: We studied 303 individuals (151 women, 152 men; mean age = 57 ± 17 years) across the weight spectrum. PAT and abdominal adipose tissue were quantified using clinical computed tomography (CT) scans obtained as part of a positron emission tomography (PET)/CT. Cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed from medical records. Linear regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed to evaluate associations between PAT and cardiometabolic risk. Results: PAT was higher in overweight and obese individuals compared to lean individuals and higher in men compared to women. PAT was positively associated with body mass index, abdominal fat (P < 0.0001), fasting glucose, and serum lipids (P < 0.05) with stronger associations in women than in men. PAT was accurate in detecting the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome with 74% sensitivity and 76% specificity (AUC = 0.80). Conclusion: PAT is associated with measures of cardiometabolic risk and these associations are stronger in women compared to men. PAT could serve as a biomarker for opportunistic screening for cardiometabolic risk in patients undergoing chest CT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1203-1209
Number of pages7
JournalActa Radiologica
Volume59
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Pericardial adipose tissue
  • biomarker
  • cardiometabolic risk
  • computed tomography
  • metabolic syndrome
  • obesity
  • opportunistic screening

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