Sex-Differences in Children Referred for Assessment: An Exploratory Analysis of the Autism Mental Status Exam (AMSE)

Roald A. Øien, Sara M. Vambheim, Logan Hart, Anders Nordahl-Hansen, Craig Erickson, Logan Wink, Martin R. Eisemann, Frederick Shic, Fred R. Volkmar, David Grodberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The autism mental status exam is an eight-item observational assessment that structures the way we observe and document signs and symptoms of ASD. Investigations of test performance indicate strong sensitivity and specificity using gold-standard assessment as reference standard. This study aims to explore potential sex differences in AMSE test performance and observations of 123 children referred for autism assessment. Results indicates more language deficits in females with ASD than in males with ASD and less sensory symptoms in females compared to males with ASD. The AMSE performance is similar in identifying ASD and non-ASD in females compared to males. Less disruptive behaviors in females, might cause a need for a bigger hit to other areas of development to raise concern.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2286-2292
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume48
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autism-related symptoms
  • Autistic traits
  • Behavior
  • Gender differences
  • Sex differences

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