Severe cognitive impairment in elderly schizophrenic patients: A clinicopathological study

Dushyant P. Purohit, Michael Davidson, Daniel P. Perl, Peter Powchik, Vahram H. Haroutunian, Linda M. Bierer, Janice McCrystal, Miklos Losonczy, Kenneth L. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

The severe cognitive impairment that affects many of the elderly schizophrenic patients could represent the outcome of schizophrenia in old age for the very severe and chronically ill patients or may be the result of lengthy institutionalization and somatic treatment. Alternatively, it could be due to the presence of concurrent dementing disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) or multi-infarct dementia. Using an identical neuropathological protocol, brain specimens from schizophrenic patients who showed evidence of severe cognitive impairment were compared with 12 age-matched control cases and the same number of age-matched cases of neuropathologically confirmed patients with AD. Despite their relatively advanced age (mean age 77.1 years ± 2.8), none of the schizophrenia cases showed sufficient degree of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangle formations to confirm a diagnosis of AD. Other neurodegenerative disorders associated with dementia were also not identified. These studies suggest that alternative explanations need to be sought for the severe cognitive impairment commonly encountered in elderly schizophrenic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-260
Number of pages6
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Feb 1993

Keywords

  • cognition
  • elderly
  • schizophrenia

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