Each year, thousands of new chemicals are released in the United States, with very little documentation about potential long-term human health risks (Landrigan et al. 2002). First registered in 1965 for agricultural and pest control purposes, chlorpyrifos (CPF; 0,0-diethyl-0-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl phosphorothioate) is a broad-spectrum, chlorinated organophosphate (OP) insecticide. Before regulatory action by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to phase out residential use beginning in 2000, CPF applications were particularly heavy in urban areas, where the exposed populations included pregnant women (Berkowitz et al. 2003; Whyatt et al. 2002, 2003). In a sample of pregnant women in New York City (Perera et al. 2002) detectable levels of CPF were found in 99.7% of personal air samples, 100% of indoor air samples, and 64-70% of blood samples collected from umbilical cord plasma at delivery (Whyatt et al. 2002).
|Title of host publication||Everyday Environmental Toxins|
|Subtitle of host publication||Childrens Exposure Risks|
|Publisher||Apple Academic Press|
|Number of pages||19|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2015|