Sensory processing related to attention in children with ASD, ADHD, or typical development: results from the ELENA cohort

for ELENA study group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are early neurodevelopmental conditions that share clinical characteristics, raising important issues in clinical diagnosis. We aimed to compare (1) sensory processing in four groups of children: ASD alone, ASD + ADHD, ADHD alone, and typical development (TD) and (2) the association between sensory processing and attention in the three groups with neurodevelopmental disorders. Our sample included 120 children aged from 6 to 12 years divided into four groups: ASD alone (N = 43), ASD + ADHD (N = 18), ADHD alone (N = 28), and TD (N = 31). Atypical sensory processing was more frequent in ASD and/or ADHD than in TD, without a significant difference between ASD and ADHD. However, the variance analysis of attention problems revealed differences between the ADHD and ASD groups. Thus, the rate of atypical sensory processing was comparable between the ASD and ADHD groups, suggesting that further studies are needed to explore atypical SP in all neurodevelopmental disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-291
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Children
  • Sensory processing

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