Self-efficacy and Resilience Are Useful Predictors of Transition Readiness Scores in Adolescents with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Katrine Carlsen, Nichola Haddad, Julia Gordon, Becky Lin Phan, Nanci Pittman, Keith Benkov, Marla C. Dubinsky, Laurie Keefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Background: Adolescence is a vulnerable period for those afflicted with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). There is limited knowledge of factors influencing transition readiness in this population. We sought to determine whether self-efficacy and resilience would be informative predictors of transition readiness independent of age. Methods: Patients with IBD aged 16 to 23 years cared for in a pediatric setting were prospectively enrolled. On entry, patients filled out the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ); IBD Self-Efficacy Scale-Adolescent (IBD-SES-A); and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Demographic data and disease-specific information were collected from the medical record and by the provider. General linear modeling and autocorrelation were performed to investigate predictors of transition readiness. Results: Eighty-seven patients (62 Crohn's disease and 25 ulcerative colitis) were included, with a median age of 19 years (interquartile range 1-3: 17-20; min-max: 16-23). After controlling for age, the IBD-SES-A predicted TRAQ [F(1) = 11.69, R 2 = 0.16, P = 0.001], accounting for 16% of the variance. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale also independently predicted TRAQ score [F(1) = 6.45, R 2 = 0.09, P = 0.01], accounting for 9% of the variance. The IBD-SES-A and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale were significantly auto correlated (r = 0.044, P = 0.001); in the final predictive model, only IBD-SES-A was predictive of TRAQ [F(1) = 4.01, R 2 = 0.12, P = 0.004]. None of the patients' demographic, disease, or socioeconomic parameters informed transition readiness once self-efficacy and resilience were considered. Conclusions: This is the first study to identify a reliable predictor of transition readiness scores in adolescents with IBD that does not seem to be influenced by age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-346
Number of pages6
JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017


  • adolescents
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • resilience
  • self-efficacy
  • transition


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