Second-generation antipsychotics and metabolic side-effects: Canadian population-based study

Lauren Hirsch, Scott B. Patten, Lauren Bresee, Nathalie Jette, Tamara Pringsheim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background Use of second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) has increased in recent years; however, their use and effect on metabolic outcomes has been poorly characterised in population-level studies.Aims This study aimed to determine the associations between SGA use and metabolic indicators in a general population.Method We used data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey, a cross-sectional survey of Canadian households. Participants were Canadians aged 3-79 years, living in one of the ten provinces. Several metabolic indicators were examined, including weight, body mass index, waist circumference, hypertension, diabetes and two definitions of metabolic syndrome.Results The proportion of Canadians taking an SGA tripled over the study period. SGA use was significantly associated with hypertension (odds ratio 1.94, 95% CI 1.07-3.55) and abdominal obesity in adults, as defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (odds ratio 2.62, 95% CI 1.45-4.71).Conclusions Evidence of metabolic dysfunction with SGAs is seen in the Canadian population, along with a rapid increase in prevalence of use since 2007.Declaration of interest None.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-261
Number of pages6
JournalBJPsych Open
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Second-generation antipsychotics
  • epidemiology
  • metabolic side-effects
  • population


Dive into the research topics of 'Second-generation antipsychotics and metabolic side-effects: Canadian population-based study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this