Schalldruckspitzenpegel von schussen aus schreckschusswaffen

Translated title of the contribution: Peak sound pressure levels of shots from starter's pistols

M. A. Rothschild, L. Dieker, H. Prante, C. Maschke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Starter's pistols are often bought for self-defense, but can also be used for criminal activities (e.g. assaults, etc.). When a starter's pistol is loaded with blank cartridges and is fired, a powerful shooting noise results. The level of the noise produced is high enough to cause acoustic trauma. For legal examinations and giving an expert opinion further information is needed about the power of such noise. We examined how high peak sound pressure levels were of the gunshots of blank cartridges and whether there existed any directional characteristics from the noise emissions. In all, 15 different models of starter's pistols of 8 different calibres were examined. In addition to blank cartridges, 8 mm tear gas cartridges were also examined. Four transducers were situated in the horizontal plane around the muzzle:0°(shooting direction), 45°, 90°, and 180°(towards the firer). The distances between the transducers and the muzzle were 25 cm, 50 cm, 100 cm, and 200 cm. At a distance of 1 m and in the 0°shooting direction the peak sound pressure levels of nearly all weapons tested exceeded 160 dB. At a shooting distance of 25 cm the peak sound pressure levels reached 181 dB. In addition, we observed a directional characteristic concerning the emission of noise:pistols produced higher peak sound pressure levels to the front than backwards toward the firer.

Translated title of the contributionPeak sound pressure levels of shots from starter's pistols
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)986-992
Number of pages7
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Acoustic trauma
  • Gunshot noise
  • Medicolegal opinions
  • Peak sound pressure levels
  • Starter's pistols


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