SARS-CoV-2 vaccination induces mucosal antibody responses in previously infected individuals

PARIS Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Immune responses at the respiratory mucosal interface are critical to prevent respiratory infections but it is unclear to what extent antigen specific mucosal secretory IgA (SIgA) antibodies are induced by mRNA vaccination in humans. Here we analyze paired serum and saliva samples from patients with and without prior coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at multiple time points pre and post severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) mRNA vaccination. Our results suggest mucosal SIgA responses induced by mRNA vaccination are impacted by pre-existing immunity. Indeed, vaccination induced a minimal mucosal SIgA response in individuals without pre-exposure to SARS-CoV-2 while SIgA induction after vaccination was more efficient in patients with a history of COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5135
JournalNature Communications
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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