Salmonella engages CDC42 effector protein 1 for intracellular invasion

Sheila Bandyopadhyay, Xiao Zhang, Andrea Ascura, Karen L. Edelblum, Edward M. Bonder, Nan Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Human enterocytes are primary targets of infection by invasive bacterium Salmonella Typhimurium, and studies using nonintestinal epithelial cells established that S. Typhimurium activates Rho family GTPases, primarily CDC42, to modulate the actin cytoskeletal network for invasion. The host intracellular protein network that engages CDC42 and influences the pathogen's invasive capacity are relatively unclear. Here, proteomic analyses of canonical and variant CDC42 interactomes identified a poorly characterized CDC42 interacting protein, CDC42EP1, whose intracellular localization is rapidly redistributed and aggregated around the invading bacteria. CDC42EP1 associates with SEPTIN-7 and Villin, and its relocalization and bacterial engagement depend on host CDC42 and S. Typhimurium's capability of activating CDC42. Unlike CDC42, CDC42EP1 is not required for S. Typhimurium's initial cellular entry but is found to associate with Salmonella-containing vacuoles after long-term infections, indicating a contribution to the pathogen's intracellular growth and replication. These results uncover a new host regulator of enteric Salmonella infections, which may be targeted to restrict bacterial load at the primary site of infection to prevent systemic spread.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-50
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • bacterial invasion
  • cdc42
  • cdc42ep1
  • intracellular bacteria
  • salmonella


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