Sagittal Balance

Jeffrey B. Knox, Baron S. Lonner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In recent years, the importance of sagittal plane alignment in the energy-efficient functioning of the individual has been underscored. Sagittal plane malalignment is a principal cause of disability in patients with spinal deformity and other spinal pathologies. It is associated with numerous conditions including degenerative disc disease, Scheuermann’s kyphosis, spondylolisthesis, posttraumatic kyphosis, ankylosing spondylitis, and iatrogenic flatback deformity. Regardless of surgical technique, whether traditional or MIS, restoration or maintenance of sagittal alignment is paramount to achieving optimal functional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMinimally Invasive Spinal Deformity Surgery
Subtitle of host publicationAn Evolution of Modern Techniques
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Wien
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9783709114070
ISBN (Print)9783709114063
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


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