Safety study of sodium pentosan polysulfate for adult patients with mucopolysaccharidosis Type II

Kenji Orii, Alaena Lim, Shunji Tomatsu, Molly Stapleton, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Calogera M. Simonaro, Edward H. Schuchman, Toshiyuki Fukao, Tadashi Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Current therapies for the mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) do not effectively address skeletal and neurological manifestations. Pentosan polysulfate (PPS) is an alternative treatment strategy that has been shown to improve bone architecture, mobility, and neuroinflammation in MPS animals. The aims of this study were to a) primarily establish the safety of weekly PPS injections in attenuated MPS II, b) assess the effcacy of treatment on MPS pathology, and c) define appropriate clinical endpoints and biomarkers for future clinical trials. Subcutaneous injections were administered to three male Japanese patients for 12 weeks. Enzyme replacement therapy was continued in two of the patients while they received PPS and halted for two months in one patient before starting PPS. During treatment, one patient experienced an elevation of alanine transaminase, and another patient experienced convulsions; however, these incidences were non-cumulative and unrelated to PPS administration, respectively. Overall, the drug was well-tolerated in all patients, and no serious drug-related adverse events were noted. Generally, PPS treatment led to an increase in several parameters of shoulder range of motion and decrease of the inflammatory cytokines, MIF and TNF-α, which are potential clinical endpoints and biomarkers, respectively. Changes in urine and serum glycosaminoglycans were inconclusive. Overall, this study demonstrates the safety of using PPS in adults with MPS II and suggests the effcacy of PPS on MPS pathology with the identification of potential clinical endpoints and biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number226
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019


  • Anti-inflammatory factor
  • Glycosaminoglycan
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis II
  • PPS
  • Range of motion


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