Safety, Pharmacodynamic Response, and Treatment Satisfaction With OnabotulinumtoxinA 40 U, 60 U, and 80 U in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Dynamic Glabellar Lines

John H. Joseph, Corey Maas, Melanie D. Palm, Edward Lain, Dee Anna Glaser, Suzanne Bruce, Steven Yoelin, Sue Ellen Cox, Steven Fagien, Sara Sangha, John Maltman, Xiaofang Lei, Mitchell F. Brin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA 20 U reduces glabellar line (GL) severity at maximum frown for approximately 3 to 4 months. Small studies have suggested that >20-U doses may increase the efficacy and duration of response for GLs. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate safety, pharmacodynamic response, and treatment satisfaction with onabotulinumtoxinA doses ≥20 U for GLs. METHODS: This 48-week, double-blind study compared 40, 60, and 80 U onabotulinumtoxinA vs 20 U and placebo in women with moderate or severe dynamic GLs on the Allergan Facial Wrinkle Scale. The following parameters were evaluated: the percentage of subjects with investigator-assessed ≥1-grade Facial Wrinkle Scale improvement from baseline at maximum frown (responders) at Week 24; the estimated median duration of response; the proportion of mostly/very satisfied responders on the Facial Line Satisfaction Questionnaire follow-up Items 1 to 5; and treatment-emergent adverse events. RESULTS: The modified intent-to-treat population (N = 226) had a mean age of 48.0 years, with similar baseline GL severity between treatment groups. Week 24 responder rates were 0% for placebo and 16.0%, 32.0%, 30.6%, and 38.5% for onabotulinumtoxinA 20, 40, 60, and 80 U, with significant (P < 0.05) differences for 40 and 80 U vs 20 U. Median duration of response was longer with all higher doses vs 20 U (≥24.0 vs 19.7 weeks; P < 0.05 vs 20 U at Week 24). Facial Line Satisfaction Questionnaire results indicated high subject satisfaction. The incidence and severity of treatment-emergent adverse events did not exhibit a dose-response effect. CONCLUSIONS: GL treatment with onabotulinumtoxinA doses >20 U demonstrated longer duration of response and higher patient-reported satisfaction vs the on-label 20-U dose with no apparent impact on safety variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1318-1327
Number of pages10
JournalAesthetic Surgery Journal
Volume42
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

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