Safety in moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis patients with latent tuberculosis treated with guselkumab and anti-tuberculosis treatments concomitantly: results from pooled phase 3 VOYAGE 1 & VOYAGE 2 trials

L. Puig, T. F. Tsai, T. Bhutani, J. Uy, P. Ramachandran, M. Song, Y. You, M. Gooderham, M. Lebwohl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients treated with tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors are at risk of new-onset tuberculosis (TB) or reactivation of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Association between TB/LTBI and interleukin (IL)-23 inhibitors for psoriasis is unclear. Patients with LTBI typically initiate LTBI therapy before receiving biologics. Objectives: Safety in moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients with LTBI treated with guselkumab (IL-23 inhibitor) and LTBI treatment was evaluated. Methods: In the VOYAGE 1 & VOYAGE 2 studies, patients screened for LTBI were randomized to guselkumab, placebo, or adalimumab (TNF inhibitor) at baseline. Placebo → guselkumab crossover occurred at week 16 and adalimumab → guselkumab at week 52 (VOYAGE 1), or at week 28 or later (VOYAGE 2). Incidence of active TB, adverse events (AEs), serious AEs (SAEs), and markedly abnormal liver function tests [alanine aminotransferase test (ALT); aspartate aminotransferase test (AST)] were evaluated using pooled data through week 100 in guselkumab-treated patients receiving and not receiving LTBI treatment. Results: At baseline, 130 randomized patients (guselkumab: n = 69; adalimumab: n = 36; placebo: n = 25) tested positive for LTBI and received concomitant LTBI treatments (LTBI+). No active TB was reported among guselkumab-treated patients without LTBI (LTBI−) through week 100. Two cases of active TB occurred in LTBI− patients treated with adalimumab. Through week 16, across all treatment groups, greater proportions of LTBI+ patients reported ALT and AST elevations compared with LTBI− patients. Through week 100, proportions of patients experiencing AEs and SAEs were comparable between LTBI+ and LTBI− patients. Conclusions: No cases of active TB, including reactivation of LTBI, were reported in patients with or without LTBI treated with guselkumab through up to 2 years. LTBI treatment was effective across all treatment groups in preventing reactivation of LTBI. Long-term treatment with guselkumab was generally well-tolerated through up to 2 years in patients receiving LTBI medications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1744-1749
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020

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