Safety and Tolerability of a Wearable, Vibrotactile Stimulation Device for Parkinson’s Disease

Laura Tabacof, Stephen Braren, Taylor Patterson, Adam Fry, David Putrino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Resting tremor is a cardinal symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD) that contributes to the physical, emotional, and economic burden of the disease. Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the safety, tolerability, and preliminary effectiveness of a novel wearable vibrotactile stimulation device on resting tremor in individuals with PD. Methods: Using a randomized cross-over design, subjects received two different vibrotactile stimulation paradigms (high amplitude patterned and low amplitude continuous) on two separate laboratory visits. On each visit, resting tremor was video recorded for 10 min at baseline and while the vibrotactile stimulation was applied. Tremor severity was scored by a blinded clinician. Results: Both vibration paradigms were well safe and well tolerated and resulted in a reduction in resting tremor severity with a moderate effect size (n = 44, p < 0.001, r = 0.37–0.54). There was no significant difference between the two vibration paradigms (p = 0.14). Conclusion: Short durations of vibrotactile stimulation delivered via wearable devices were safe and well tolerated and may attenuate resting tremor severity in individuals with PD. The sample size as well as the potential preliminary effectiveness revealed by two arms of the study could not eliminate the potential for a placebo effect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number712621
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
StatePublished - 18 Nov 2021


  • Parkinson tremor
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • resting tremor
  • vibration
  • vibrotactile
  • wearable technologies
  • wearables acceptance


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