S1PR1 inhibition induces proapoptotic signaling in T cells and limits humoral responses within lymph nodes

Dhaval Dixit, Victoria M. Hallisey, Ethan Y.S. Zhu, Martyna Okuniewska, Ken Cadwell, Jerry E. Chipuk, Jordan E. Axelrad, Susan R. Schwab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Effective immunity requires a large, diverse naive T cell repertoire circulating among lymphoid organs in search of antigen. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and its receptor S1PR1 contribute by both directing T cell migration and supporting T cell survival. Here, we addressed how S1P enables T cell survival and the implications for patients treated with S1PR1 antagonists. We found that S1PR1 limited apoptosis by maintaining the appropriate balance of BCL2 family members via restraint of JNK activity. Interestingly, the same residues of S1PR1 that enable receptor internalization were required to prevent this proapoptotic cascade. Findings in mice were recapitulated in ulcerative colitis patients treated with the S1PR1 antagonist ozanimod, and the loss of naive T cells limited B cell responses. Our findings highlighted an effect of S1PR1 antagonists on the ability to mount immune responses within lymph nodes, beyond their effect on lymph node egress, and suggested both limitations and additional uses of this important class of drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174984
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume134
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2024

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