Runx2 and Polycystins in Bone Mechanotransduction: Challenges for Therapeutic Opportunities

Antonios N. Gargalionis, Christos Adamopoulos, Christos T. Vottis, Athanasios G. Papavassiliou, Efthimia K. Basdra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Bone mechanotransduction is a critical process during skeletal development in embryogenesis and organogenesis. At the same time, the type and level of mechanical loading regulates bone remodeling throughout the adult life. The aberrant mechanosensing of bone cells has been implicated in the development and progression of bone loss disorders, but also in the bone-specific aspect of other clinical entities, such as the tumorigenesis of solid organs. Novel treatment options have come into sight that exploit the mechanosensitivity of osteoblasts, osteocytes, and chondrocytes to achieve efficient bone regeneration. In this regard, runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) has emerged as a chief skeletal-specific molecule of differentiation, which is prominent to induction by mechanical stimuli. Polycystins represent a family of mechanosensitive proteins that interact with Runx2 in mechano-induced signaling cascades and foster the regulation of alternative effectors of mechanotransuction. In the present narrative review, we employed a PubMed search to extract the literature concerning Runx2, polycystins, and their association from 2000 to March 2024. The keywords stated below were used for the article search. We discuss recent advances regarding the implication of Runx2 and polycystins in bone remodeling and regeneration and elaborate on the targeting strategies that may potentially be applied for the treatment of patients with bone loss diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5291
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • Runx2
  • TAZ
  • YAP
  • bone remodeling
  • mechanotransduction
  • osteoporosis
  • polycystin-1
  • polycystin-2

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Runx2 and Polycystins in Bone Mechanotransduction: Challenges for Therapeutic Opportunities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this