Room temperature processed in-situ carbon-coated vanadium carbide (VC@C) as a high capacity robust Li/Na battery anode material

Mani Mahajan, Kingshuk Roy, Swati Parmar, Gourav Singla, O. P. Pandey, K. Singh, Ramanathan Vaidhyanathan, Satishchandra Ogale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

3D carbide systems with their robust physical and mechanical properties have always attracted multiple application interests. In this report, we have synthesized a three-dimensional in-situ carbon coated cubic carbide, Vanadium Carbide (VC@C), by a very simple, scalable and cost-effective room temperature mechano-chemical ball-milling procedure and researched its promise as effective anode material for Li and Na ion batteries. We have demonstrated that VC@C shows an impressive initial discharge/lithiation capacity of 1165 mAh g−1 with a high reversible capacity of 640 mAh g−1 after 100 charge-discharge cycles at an applied current density of 0.1 A g−1. We have also found that this material renders a very promising rate performance with significantly low capacity drop after exposing it to variable current densities ranging from 0.05 A g−1 to 2 A g−1 with an excellent stability up to 1000 cycles owing to its structural robustness, as verified by post-cycling characterizations. A Li-ion full cell study using LiCoO2 as cathode also showed excellent promise in terms of practical application demonstrating a reversible capacity of 95 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles. Even for Na insertion/de-insertion VC@C shows a clear promise in terms of capacity, cyclic stability and rate performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-116
Number of pages9
JournalCarbon
Volume161
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3D carbide
  • In-situ synthesis
  • Li-ion battery
  • Post cycling characterization
  • Room temperature ball milling
  • Williamson-Hall analysis

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