Role of video self-assessment in laparoscopic simulation training: a randomized pilot trial

Vijay Palvia, Jaimie Huntly, Serin Seckin, Charles Ascher-Walsh, Susan Khalil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Residency programs have implemented simulation training to compensate for reduced operating room exposure. Video recording is an educational tool that can be utilized for coaching, telepresence, and self-assessment during simulation training. Data is limited on the utility of video recording and self-assessment for laparoscopic training in Ob/Gyn residency programs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the role of video self-assessment as an educational tool in laparoscopic simulation training and to establish the feasibility of our study design for a larger randomized controlled trial. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective pilot study with a parallel, randomized, trial design that occurred in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Mount Sinai Hospital. Subject participation took place in a surgical simulation training room. A total of 23 subjects were recruited (7 medical students, 15 residents, 1 fellow) voluntarily. All participants completed the study. All the subjects completed a pretest survey. The surgical simulation room contained a single Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery box trainer and video-recording station. For session #1, each participant performed 2 Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery tasks (A, peg transfer; B, intracorporeal knot tie). Participants were video recorded during session #1 and were randomized to either receive or not receive their video recording. The video group (n=13) and control group (n=10) repeated the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery tasks 7 to 10 days later (session #2). The primary outcome was percentage change in completion time between sessions. Secondary outcomes were percentage change in peg and needle drops between sessions. RESULTS: The participant characteristics (video vs control) were as follows: average training level (6.15 vs 4.90 years), self-assessment (1=poor, 10=excellent) of surgical skill (4.8 vs 3.7), and laparoscopic skill (4.4 vs 3.5). Training level was inversely correlated with completion time for tasks A and B (r, −0.79 and −0.87; P<.0001). Less experienced trainees required the maximum time allotted for each task in session #1 (A, 3; B, 13). Regarding the primary outcome, the video group improved less than the control group (A, 16.7% vs 28.3%; B, 14.4% vs 17.3%). After controlling for training level (residents only), the video group improved more in the primary outcome (A, 17% vs 7.4%; B, 20.9% vs 16.5%) and secondary outcomes (A, 0.0% vs −194.1%; B, 41.3% vs 37.6%). CONCLUSION: Video self-assessment has a potential role in simulation training for obstetrics-gynecology residents. With key improvements, the feasibility of our study design was demonstrated in preparation for a future definitive trial.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100224
JournalAJOG Global Reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • laparoscopic surgery
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • residency
  • self-assessment
  • self-directed training
  • skills acquisition
  • surgical simulation training
  • video recording


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