Role of protein phosphatase-1 inhibitor-1 in cardiac physiology and pathophysiology

Persoulla Nicolaou, Roger J. Hajjar, Evangelia G. Kranias

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


The type 1 protein phosphatase (PP1) is a critical negative regulator of Ca2+ cycling and contractility in the cardiomyocyte. In particular, it mediates restoration of cardiac function to basal levels, after β-adrenergic stimulation, by dephosphorylating key phospho-proteins. PP1 is a holoenzyme comprised of its catalytic and auxiliary subunits. These regulatory proteins dictate PP1's subcellular localization, substrate specificity and activity. Amongst them, inhibitor-1 is of particular importance since it has been implicated as an integrator of multiple neurohormonal pathways, which finely regulate PP1 activity, at the level of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In fact, perturbations in the regulation of PP1 by inhibitor-1 have been implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure, suggesting that inhibitor-1-based therapeutic interventions may ameliorate cardiac dysfunction and remodeling in the failing heart. This review will discuss the current views on the role of inhibitor-1 in cardiac physiology, its possible contribution to cardiac disease and its potential as a novel therapeutic strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-371
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2009


  • Ca cycling
  • Heart failure
  • Inhibitor-1
  • Phospholamban
  • Protein phosphatase-1
  • Sarcoplasmic reticulum


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