Role of citrate excretion in acid-base balance in diuretic-induced alkalosis in the rat

A. M. Kaufman, C. Brod-Miller, T. Kahn

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Studies were performed to assess the role of changes in excretion of citrate, a metabolic precursor of bicarbonate, in acid-base balance in diuretic-induced metabolic alkalosis. Rats on a low-chloride diet with sodium sulfate added were studied during a base-line period, 3 days of furosemide administration, and 4 days post-furosemide. During the period of furosemide administation, net acid excretion and plasma bicarbonate concentration increased. In the post-furosemide period, net acid excretion remained higher than base line but plasma bicarbonate concentration did not increase further. Citrate excretion was significantly higher in the post-furosemide period than in base line. Studies substituting sodium neutral phosphate or sodium bicarbonate for dietary sodium sulfate demonstrated greater increases in net acid excretion post-furosemide and, again, no increase in plasma bicarbonate concentration during this period. Citrate excretion was greater than in the sulfate group. The increment in citrate excretion was proportional to the base 'load', defined with respect to changes in net acid excretion and/or dietary bicarbonate. Thus, in these studies alterations of base excretion in the form of citrate play an important role in acid-base balance during diuretic-induced metabolic alkalosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F796-F803
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes


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