Adiponectin levels are associated with anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and kisspeptin levels in non-ovarian tissues. The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between adiponectin and the genes important for ovarian follicular development and ovarian reserve, specifically AMH and kisspeptin, and their corresponding receptors. In the first experiment, the mRNA levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (amh) and its receptor (Amhr2), as well as those of kisspeptin (Kiss1) and its receptor (Kiss1r), were quantified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis in the ovaries of two groups of mice [adiponectin-knockout (KO) vs. control] that underwent oophorectomy. The second experiment measured follicular phase serum AMH and follicular fluid adiponectin levels in 25 women who underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for in vitro fertilization. Compared with the control mice, adiponectin-KO mice had 6.5 times lower Kiss1 mRNA levels (P=0.009) and a tendency for lower ovarian Kiss1r mRNA expression levels (P=0.06). However, adiponectin-KO mice had significantly higher Amhr2 mRNA levels (P=0.01). In all women participants, there was a positive correlation between serum AMH and follicular fluid adiponectin concentrations (r=0.54, P=0.006). The findings of the present study indicate that adiponectin may play a role in ovarian physiology through its impact on genes crucial for ovarian follicular development and ovarian reserve, such as kisspeptin and AMH. Understanding the role of adiponectin in ovarian function may improve our knowledge of the pathophysiology underlying ovulatory dysfunction in obese women, who usually have low adiponectin levels, and overcome reproductive barriers.
- Anti-Müllerian hormone