Risk factors for pelvic inflammatory disease in inner-city adolescents

Amy L. Suss, Peter Homel, Margaret Hammerschlag, Kenneth Bromberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine risk factors associated with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) among inner-city adolescents. Study Design: A case-control study was performed from 1994 to 1997 in an inner-city hospital. Methods: Seventy-one adolescent girls diagnosed with PID and 52 sexually active adolescents girls without PID participated in a confidential face-to-face interview using a questionnaire about risk behaviors. Established criteria were used for the diagnosis of PID. Data were analyzed using t tests, chi- square tests, and stepwise logistic regression. Results: Persons with PID were significantly more likely to show younger age at first intercourse, older sex partners, involvement with a child protection agency, prior suicide attempt(s), consumption of alcohol before last sex, and a current Chlamydia trachomatis infection. There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding number of lifetime sex partners, condom use, rape, syphilis, prior PID, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or HIV infection. Conclusions: Not previously noted in the literature are the association of PID with older sex partners, prior involvement in a child protection agency, and a prior suicide attempt. Confirming prior studies are the association of PID with earlier age at first sex, alcohol use, and C trachomatis infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-291
Number of pages3
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2000
Externally publishedYes


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