Background: Despite increasing rates of revision total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA), there is a paucity of literature on optimizing perioperative outcomes. The purposes of this study were to identify risk factors for unplanned readmission and perioperative complications following RTSA, risk-stratify patients based on these risk factors, and assess timing of complications. Methods: Bivariate and multivariate analyses of risk factors were assessed on RTSA patients from the ACS-NSQIP database from 2011 to 2015. Patients were risk-stratified and timing of severe adverse events and cause of readmission were evaluated. Results: Of 809 RTSA patients, 61 suffered a perioperative complication or readmission within 30 days of discharge. Multivariate analysis identified operative time, BMI > 40, infection etiology, high white blood cell count, and low hematocrit as significant independent risk factors for 30-day complications or readmission after RTSA (p ≤ 0.05). Having at least one significant risk factor was associated with 2.71 times risk of complication or readmission within 15 days compared to having no risk factors (p < 0.001). The majority of unplanned readmission, return to the operating room, open/deep wound infection, and sepsis/septic shock occurred within two weeks of RTSA. Discussion: Patients at high risk of complications and readmission after RTSA should be identified and optimized preoperatively to improve outcomes and lower costs.
- length of stay
- revision total shoulder arthroplasty
- risk factors
- total shoulder arthroplasty