Risk Factors Associated with Methicillin Resistance in Hospitalized Newborn Infants with Staphylococcus aureus Infection

Jia Wei, Yin Wang, Chao Chen, Jing Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: An increasing number of infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) have been reported worldwide. To explore the risk factors associated with methicillin-resistance among the neonates with confirmed S. aureus infections and thereby to help selection of appropriate empirical antibiotics. Methods: We compared a group of hospitalized neonates with culture confirmed methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections to a group with methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) based on antimicrobial susceptibility reports. We used multivariable regression analysis to determine the risk factors for neonatal MRSA infections. Results: There was no difference in the ratio of local to systemic infections or mortality between the two groups. However, the total hospitalization days and the medical care expenses in the MRSA group were significantly increased when compared to that of the MSSA group. Prior use of antibiotics for more than 48 hours was an independent risk factor for neonatal acquisition of MRSA infections, while exclusive breast milk feeding was a protective factor against MRSA infections. Conclusion: Restrictions on antibiotic abuse and promotion of breast milk feeding may protect newborns from MRSA infections. Prior history of antibiotic use and exclusive breast milk feeding may be important factors to consider in the selection of appropriate empirical antibiotics for use in neonates prior to the availability of the results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2921-2928
Number of pages8
JournalInfection and Drug Resistance
StatePublished - 2022


  • empirical antibiotics
  • methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  • neonates
  • protective factor


Dive into the research topics of 'Risk Factors Associated with Methicillin Resistance in Hospitalized Newborn Infants with Staphylococcus aureus Infection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this