Restoring pulmonary and sleep services as the COVID-19 pandemic lessens

Kevin C. Wilson, Davida Kaminsky, Chaud Gaetanemi, Sunil Sharma, Linda Nici, Rodney Folz, Igor Barjaktarevic, Nirav R. Bhakta, Cheng George, Geoffrey Lchupp, Adam Cole, Annee Dixon, James H. Finigan, Brian Graham, Teal S. Hallstrand, Jeffrey Haynes, John Hankinson, Neil MacIntyre, Jess Mandel, Kevin McCarthyMeredith McCormack, Susheel P. Patil, Margaret Rosenfeld, Michal Senitko, Sonali Sethi, Erik R. Swenson, Sanja Stanojevic, Mihaela Teodorescu, Daniel J. Weiner, Renda Soylemez Wiener, Charles A. Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


In March 2020, many elective medical services were canceled in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The daily case rate is now declining in many states and there is a need for guidance about the resumption of elective clinical services for patients with lung disease or sleep conditions. Methods: Volunteers were solicited from the Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Division Directors and American Thoracic Society. Working groups developed plans by discussion and consensus for resuming elective services in pulmonary and sleep-medicine clinics, pulmonary function testing laboratories, bronchoscopy and procedure suites, polysomnography laboratories, and pulmonary rehabilitation facilities. Results: The community new case rate should be consistently low or have a downward trajectory for at least 14 days before resuming elective clinical services. In addition, institutions should have an operational strategy that consists of patient prioritization, screening, diagnostic testing, physical distancing, infection control, and follow-up surveillance. The goals are to protect patients and staff from exposure to the virus, account for limitations in staff, equipment, and space that are essential for the care of patients with COVID-19, and provide access to care for patients with acute and chronic conditions. Conclusions: Transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a dynamic process and, therefore, it is likely that the prevalence of COVID-19 in the community will wax and wane. This will impact an institution's mitigation needs. Operating procedures should be frequently reassessed and modified as needed. The suggestions provided are those of the authors and do not represent official positions of the Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Division Directors or the American Thoracic Society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1343-1351
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of the American Thoracic Society
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020


  • Covid-19
  • Polysomnography
  • Pulmonary function tests bronchoscopy
  • Sars-cov-2


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