Response of School Districts to the New York State Concussion Awareness and Management Act: Review of Policies and Procedures

Maria Kajankova, Jennifer M. Oswald, Lauren M. Terranova, Michael V. Kaplen, Anne F. Ambrose, Lisa A. Spielman, Wayne A. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: By 2014, all states implemented concussion laws that schools must translate into daily practice; yet, limited knowledge exists regarding implementation of these laws. We examined the extent to which concussion management policies and procedure (P&P) documents of New York State school districts comply with the State's Concussion Awareness and Management Act (the Act). We also aimed to identify barriers to compliance. METHODS: Forty-seven school districts provided P&P documents. We examined compliance with the Act and the relationship between compliance and each district's demographics. RESULTS: Compliance varied across school districts, with higher overall compliance in large city school districts compared to county districts. However, there was low compliance for several critical items. We found no statistically significant relationship between compliance and demographics. CONCLUSIONS: School districts need to increase compliance with concussion legislation to ensure the adequate implementation necessary for the law to impact health and educational outcomes. The results provide important information to individuals charged with the responsibility of implementation and ultimately reducing the negative outcomes associated with brain injuries in schools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-415
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of School Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2017


  • concussion health policy
  • concussion legislation
  • injury prevention
  • physical fitness and sports


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