Rescue of the Adeno-Associated Virus Genome from a Plasmid Vector: Evidence for Rescue by Replication

Peter Ward, Per Elias, R. Michael Linden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

In cultured cells, adeno-associated virus (AAV) replication requires coinfection with a helper virus, either adenovirus or herpesvirus. In the absence of helper virus coinfection AAV can integrate its genome site specifically into the AAVS1 region of chromosome 19. Upon subsequent infection with a helper virus, the AAV genome is released from chromosome 19 by a process termed rescue, and productive replication ensues. The AAV genome cloned into a plasmid vector can also serve to initiate productive AAV replication. When such constructs are transfected into cells and those cells are simultaneously or subsequently infected with a helper virus, the AAV genome is released from the plasmid. This process is thought to serve as a model for rescue from the human genomic site. In this report we present a model for rescue of AAV genomes by replication. A hallmark of this model is the production of a partially single-stranded and partially double-stranded molecule. We show that the AAV2 Rep 68 protein, together with the UL30/UL42 herpes simplex virus type 1 DNA polymerase and the UL29 single-strand DNA binding protein ICP8, is sufficient to efficiently and precisely rescue AAV from a plasmid in a way that is dependent on the AAV inverted terminal repeat sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11480-11490
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume77
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

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