Repeatability of computed tomography liver radiomic features in a nonhuman primate model of diet-induced steatosis

Hui Wang, Jeffrey Solomon, Syed M.S. Reza, Hee Jeong Yang, Winston T. Chu, Ian Crozier, Philip J. Sayre, Byeong Y. Lee, Venkatesh Mani, Thomas C. Friedrich, David H. O'Connor, Gabriella Worwa, Jens H. Kuhn, Claudia Calcagno, Marcelo A. Castro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: We describe a method to identify repeatable liver computed tomography (CT) radiomic features, suitable for detection of steatosis, in nonhuman primates. Criteria used for feature selection exclude nonrepeatable features and may be useful to improve the performance and robustness of radiomics-based predictive models. Approach: Six crab-eating macaques were equally assigned to two experimental groups, fed regular chow or an atherogenic diet. High-resolution CT images were acquired over several days for each macaque. First-order and second-order radiomic features were extracted from six regions in the liver parenchyma, either with or without liver-to-spleen intensity normalization from images reconstructed using either a standard (B-filter) or a bone-enhanced (D-filter) kernel. Intrasubject repeatability of each feature was assessed using a paired t -test for all scans and the minimum p-value was identified for each macaque. Repeatable features were defined as having a minimum p-value among all macaques above the significance level after Bonferroni's correction. Features showing a significant difference with respect to diet group were identified using a two-sample t -test. Results: A list of repeatable features was generated for each type of image. The largest number of repeatable features was achieved from spleen-normalized D-filtered images, which also produced the largest number of second-order radiomic features that were repeatable and different between diet groups. Conclusions: Repeatability depends on reconstruction kernel and normalization. Features were quantified and ranked based on their repeatability. Features to be excluded for more robust models were identified. Features that were repeatable but different between diet groups were also identified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number066004
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • computed tomography
  • image reconstruction
  • nonhuman primates
  • radiomics
  • repeatability
  • steatosis


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