Reliable means of diagnosis and serovar determination of blood-borne Salmonella strains: Quick PCR amplification of unique genomic loci by novel primer sets

Arvindhan Govindasamy Nagarajan, Guruswamy Karnam, Amit Lahiri, Uday Sankar Allam, Dipshikha Chakravortty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Typhoid fever is becoming an ever increasing threat in the developing countries. We have improved considerably upon the existing PCR-based diagnosis method by designing primers against a region that is unique to Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi and Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Paratyphi A, corresponding to the STY0312 gene in S. Typhi and its homolog SPA2476 in S. Paratyphi A. An additional set of primers amplify another region in S. Typhi CT18 and S. Typhi Ty2 corresponding to the region between genes STY0313 to STY0316 but which is absent in S. Paratyphi A. The possibility of a false-negative result arising due to mutation in hypervariable genes has been reduced by targeting a gene unique to typhoidal Salmonella serovars as a diagnostic marker. The amplified region has been tested for genomic stability by amplifying the region from clinical isolates of patients from various geographical locations in India, thereby showing that this region is potentially stable. These set of primers can also differentiate between S. Typhi CT18, S. Typhi Ty2, and S. Paratyphi A, which have stable deletions in this specific locus. The PCR assay designed in this study has a sensitivity of 95% compared to the Widal test which has a sensitivity of only 63%. As observed, in certain cases, the PCR assay was more sensitive than the blood culture test was, as the PCR-based detection could also detect dead bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2435-2441
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

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