11 Scopus citations


The magnitude of the stimulus to the biological clock will depend upon the distribution of circadian phototransduction circuits across the retinae and the spatial distribution of luminous stimuli in the environment. The present study compared nocturnal melatonin suppression for light exposures to the superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal retina in one eye independent of shading from the brow and the nose. The stimulus was a 40° diameter luminous disc, half of which was blue light (LED, λpeak = 470 nm) and the other amber light (LED, λpeak = 590 nm). Experimentally, the orientation of the bipartite disc was rotated to each of the four cardinal points of the visual field. A full, 40° blue disc was also employed by replacing the amber half-disc with another blue half-disc. The blue full- and half-discs always produced 100 photopic lx at the cornea. As hypothesized, nocturnal melatonin suppression was statistically greatest when the blue half-disc was delivered to the nasal hemi-field (35%); the other three hemi-fields were equally affected by the blue half-disc (≈20%). Melatonin suppression for the full-disc was 24%, which was not statistically different than the average suppression for the four hemi-fields of 27%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100066
JournalNeurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms
StatePublished - May 2021


  • Blue light
  • Circadian phototransduction
  • Melatonin suppression
  • Monocular
  • Nasal retina


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