Relationship of nursing education and care management inpatient rehabilitation interventions and patient characteristics to outcomes following spinal cord injury: The SCIRehab project

Joy Bailey, Marcel P. Dijkers, Julie Gassaway, Jane Thomas, Patricia Lingefelt, Scott E.D. Kreider, Gale Whiteneck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate associations of nursing bedside education and care management activities during inpatient rehabilitation with functional, participation, and quality-of-life outcomes for patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: In a prospective observational study, data were obtained by means of systematic recording of nursing activities by registered nurses (RNs), chart review and patient interview. Results: Greater patient participation in nursing activities is associated with better outcomes. More time spent by RNs in coordination with other members of the care team, consultants and specialists, along with participation in physician rounds (team process) is associated with patient report of higher life satisfaction and higher CHART mobility at the one-year injury anniversary; more time providing psychosocial support is associated with higher CHART mobility and occupation scores and with greater likelihood of working or being in school at the anniversary. More time spent providing education about specific care needs is associated with several outcomes but not as consistently as might be expected. Conclusion(s): Higher levels of patient participation in nursing care activities is associated with multiple better outcomes, and hence, nurses should promote active patient participation during all aspects of care and interactions between themselves and patients with SCI. Time spent providing psychosocial support of patients and their families should be evaluated to ensure that other necessary education or care management interventions are not minimized. Note: This is the seventh of nine articles in the SCIRehab series.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-610
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Functional outcomes
  • Nursing education
  • Participation
  • Practice-based evidence
  • Pressure ulcers
  • Quality of life
  • Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation nursing
  • Spinal cord injuries

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