Relationship between type of trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder among Urban children and adolescents

Rohini Luthra, Robert Abramovitz, Rick Greenberg, Alan Schoor, Jeffrey Newcorn, James Schmeidler, Paul Levine, Yoko Nomura, Claude M. Chemtob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the association between trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 157 help-seeking children (aged 8-17). Structured clinical interviews are carried out, and linear and logistic regression analyses are conducted to examine the relationship between PTSD and type of trauma exposure controlling for age, gender, and ethnicity. Confrontation with traumatic news, witnessing domestic violence, physical abuse, and sexual abuse are each significantly associated with PTSD. Witnessing a crime, being the victim of a crime, and exposure to accidents, fire, or disaster are not associated with PTSD. These findings underscore the association between interpersonal violence and childhood PTSD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1919-1927
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Interpersonal violence
  • PTSD
  • Trauma exposure

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