Relation of High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I and Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease in Patients Without Acute Myocardial Infarction

Reza Mohebi, Laurel Jackson, Cian P. McCarthy, Gillian Murtagh, Sean P. Murphy, Andrew Abboud, Hannah Miksenas, Hanna K. Gaggin, James L. Januzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relation of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) concentration and presence of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients without myocardial infarction (MI) is unclear. Study participants selected from patients free of MI who underwent coronary angiography with or without intervention were enrolled, and hs-cTnI measured. A gradient boosting model was implemented to build a model for detection of CAD. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to assess the association of hs-cTnI and adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcome. Among 978 study participants, 607 patients (62%) had CAD. Higher concentrations of hs-cTnI were associated with chronic kidney disease, heart failure, CAD, male gender, current tobacco use, anemia, age, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. History of CAD, male gender, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hs-cTnI, anemia, age, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were the most influential factors for detection of CAD. The gradient boosting model had an area under the curve of 0.82, accuracy of 75%, sensitivity of 88%, specificity of 52%, positive predictive value of 76%, and negative predictive value of 72% for detection of CAD. Increase in 1 log unit of hs-cTnI was significantly associated with increased risk of incident MI (hazard ratio [HR] 1.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22 to 1.47, p <0.001), CV mortality (HR 1. 24, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.39, p <0.001), and composite of incident MI or CV mortality (HR 1.29, 95% CI 1.20 to 1.40, p <0.001). In conclusion, among patients without acute MI and CAD, higher concentrations of hs-cTnI were associated with the presence of CAD and linked to increased risk of future CV events. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00842868.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-24
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume173
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

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