The relation between induced increases in cardiac work and phosphate metabolites was investigated in the canine heart in vivo to evaluate the role of ATP hydrolysis products, ADP and inorganic phosphate (P(i)), in the control of myocardial oxygen consumption (MV̇O2). In these studies, myocardial blood flow and oxygen consumption were simultaneously measured with the 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-detected phosphate metabolites. Three protocols were used to increase myocardial work: pacing, epinephrine, and phenylephrine infusions. When these protocols were used, no or only slight changes in myocardial ATP, P(i), and creatine phosphate were observed with a greater than threefold increase in MV̇O2. The calculated intracellular free Mg concentration, ADP, and pH were also only slightly affected by these increases in work. These data indicate that a simple model involving the feedback of cytosolic ADP and P(i) to the mitochondria regulating respiration is inadequate to explain respiratory control in vivo. These data suggest that some other parameters or cooperativity effects involving the phosphate metabolites must play a role in the feedback between respiration and work in the heart in vivo.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - 1989|