Relation Between Individual Plaque Components and Overall Plaque Burden in the Prospective, Multicenter Virtual Histology Intravascular Ultrasound Registry

Jie Qian, Akiko Maehara, Gary S. Mintz, M. Pauliina Margolis, Sinan Biro, Gregg W. Stone, Martin B. Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The impact of total plaque burden on absolute and relative amounts of each virtual histologic (VH) intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) plaque component has yet to be studied. We analyzed gray-scale and VH-IVUS findings in the first 990 patients enrolled in the 3,000+ patient global VH-IVUS registry. Whole pullback plaque burden and absolute and relative cross-sectional areas of fibrous tissue, fibrofatty plaque, dense calcium, and necrotic core were analyzed using a linear regression statistical model. Overall, absolute cross-sectional areas of each of the 4 plaque components correlated with total plaque cross-sectional area; however, the correlation between fibrous tissue and total plaque cross-sectional area was stronger than the correlation between fibrofatty plaque, dense calcium, or necrotic core and total plaque cross-sectional area. This was also true overall for each of the subgroups analyzed (gender, age, and presence/absence of acute coronary syndromes). Slope of the regression line relating each plaque component to overall plaque mass showed that 50% of the plaque cross-sectional area increase was because of fibrous tissue with a more gradual increase in fibrofatty plaque, dense calcium, and necrotic core. However, when comparing relative amounts of each plaque component with total plaque cross-sectional area, there was no significant relation between the increase in fibrous tissue, fibrofatty plaque, dense calcium, and necrotic core and the increase in total plaque cross-sectional area. In conclusion, only the absolute area of each plaque component correlated to overall plaque area, not the relative amount of each plaque; therefore, VH-IVUS plaque component increases must be analyzed by controlling for increases in plaque mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-506
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume104
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

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