Regulation of the macroautophagic machinery, cellular differentiation, and immune responses by human oncogenic γ-herpesviruses

Christian Münz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The human γ-herpesviruses Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encode oncogenes for B cell transformation but are carried by most infected individuals without symptoms. For this purpose, they manipulate the anti-apoptotic pathway macroautophagy, cellular proliferation and apoptosis, as well as immune recognition. The mechanisms and functional relevance of these manipulations are discussed in this review. They allow both viruses to strike the balance between efficient persistence and dissemination in their human hosts without ever being cleared after infection and avoiding pathologies in most of their carriers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number859
JournalViruses
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 May 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Co-infections
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
  • Humanized mice
  • Immune escape
  • Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)
  • Lymphomas
  • T cell responses

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