Alteration in dopamine (DA) and/or cholecystokinin (CCK) transmission in the CNS may be of relevance for schizophrenia. Previous findings in striatal membranes give indications of a modulation of DA D2 receptor affinity by CCKB receptor activation. In the present study receptor binding studies were performed in a mouse fibroblast cell line (L-hD21/CCK), expressing both human D2 receptors (long form, D2L) and human CCKB receptors, and binding sites for [3H]CCK-SS (sulfated CCK octapeptide), the D2 agonist [3H]NPA and the D2 antagonist [3H]raclopride were found and characterized in saturation and competition experiments. 1 nM of CCK-8 caused a significant 38% increase in the KD value of the D2 agonist [3H]NPA binding sites in the L-hD21/CCK cell membranes. This change was blocked by the CCKB receptor antagonist PD 134308 (50 nM). Furthermore, 1 nM of CCK-8 increased the KD value of the D2 antagonist [3H]raclopride binding sites by 34% (P < 0.05) in the L-hD21/CCK cell membranes. Control cells (L-hD21 cells) expressing D2L receptors showed no specific [3H]CCK-SS binding sites and no modulation by CCK-8 of the D2L receptors. These findings indicate a modulation of the D2L receptor affinity by activation of the CCKB receptor also when they are coexpressed in a fibroblast cell line. One possible explanation of these data may include a receptor-receptor interaction between the CCKB and D2L receptors.
- DA D receptors
- Receptor binding
- Receptor cDNA transfection
- Receptor-receptor interaction