Reduced longitudinal contraction is associated with ischemic mitral regurgitation after posterior MI

Kiyotake Ishikawa, Shin Watanabe, Nadjib Hammoudi, Jaume Aguero, Olympia Bikou, Kenneth Fish, Roger J. Hajjar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of left ventricular (LV) longitudinal contraction in ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) remains unclear. We hypothesized that reduced longitudinal contraction disrupts normal mitral valve plane displacement during systole and leads to mitral valve tethering, thereby inducing ischemic MR. Twenty-three Yorkshire pigs underwent induction of different-sized posterior myocardial infarction (MI) using a percutaneous approach. The incidence of MR and its association with LV longitudinal strain were examined using speckle-tracking echocardiography at 1 mo post-MI to determine their relationship. A total of 17 pigs survived MI and completed the study. Pigs developed no more than mild MR after proximal left circumflex artery (LCx) occlusion (LCx group; n = 7). Addition of a first diagonal branch (D1) occlusion to LCx-MI (LCx + D1 group; n = 7) resulted in moderate to severe MR development 1 mo post-MI. LCx + D1 animals had lower longitudinal strain compared with the LCx group, whereas circumferential strain and LV rotation did not differ significantly. Posterolateral annular displacement toward the apex was significantly reduced in LCx + D1 animals, whereas the septal annular displacement was similar, suggesting an asymmetric mitral annular plane excursion in the LCx + D1 group. To exclude the contribution of papillary muscle infarction in MR development in our model, three pigs underwent obtuse marginal branch + D1 occlusion. None of these pigs developed significant MR after 1 mo. In conclusion, reduced longitudinal contraction contributes to the development of ischemic MR in a large posterior MI. NEW & NOTEWORTHY In this study, using our unique swine models of different-sized myocardial infarction, we showed, for the first time, that reduced longitudinal contraction contributes to the development of ischemic mitral regurgitation in a large posterior myocardial infarction. Our study adds new insights into the mechanisms of ischemic mitral regurgitation pathophysiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H322-H329
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume314
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Annular motion
  • Ischemic mitral regurgitation
  • Longitudinal contraction
  • Myofiber
  • Posterior wall

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