Redo-TAVR Feasibility After SAPIEN 3 Stratified by Implant Depth and Commissural Alignment: A CT Simulation Study

Anoop N. Koshy, Gilbert H.L. Tang, Sahil Khera, Manish Vinayak, Megan Berdan, Sneha Gudibendi, Amit Hooda, Lucy Safi, Stamatios Lerakis, George D. Dangas, Samin K. Sharma, Annapoorna S. Kini, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Redo-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) can pin the index transcatheter heart valve leaflets open leading to sinus sequestration and restricting coronary access. The impact of initial implant depth and commissural alignment on redo-TAVR feasibility is unclear. We sought to determine the feasibility of redo-TAVR and coronary access after SAPIEN 3 (S3) TAVR stratified by implant depth and commissural alignment. METHODS: Consecutive patients with native valve aortic stenosis were evaluated using multidetector computed tomography. S3 TAVR simulations were done at 3 implant depths, sizing per manufacturer recommendation and assuming nominal expansion in all cases. Redo-TAVR was deemed unfeasible based on valve-to-sinotubular junction distance and valve-to-sinus height <2 mm, while the neoskirt plane of the S3 transcatheter heart valve estimated coronary access feasibility. RESULTS: Overall, 1900 patients (mean age, 80.2±8 years; STS-PROM [Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Operative Mortality], 3.4%) were included. Redo-TAVR feasibility reduced significantly at shallower initial S3 implant depths (2.3% at 80:20 versus 27.5% at 100:0, P<0.001). Larger S3 sizes reduced redo-TAVR feasibility, but only in patients with a 100:0 implant (P<0.001). Commissural alignment would render redo-TAVR feasible in all patients, assuming the utilization of leaflet modification techniques to reduce the neoskirt height. Coronary access following TAV-in-TAV was affected by both index S3 implant depth and size. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the critical impact of implant depth, commissural alignment, and transcatheter heart valve size in predicting redo-TAVR feasibility. These findings highlight the necessity for individualized preprocedural planning, considering both immediate results and long-term prospects for reintervention as TAVR is increasingly utilized in younger patients with aortic stenosis. GRAPHIC ABSTRACT: A graphic abstract is available for this article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E013766
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • aortic stenosis
  • balloon-expandable valve
  • lifetime management
  • transcatheter aortic valve replacement

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